Just for introduction...

Surveying has been important since the begining of civilization. In early applications were in measuring and marking boundaries of property ownerships.

Surveying, recently also been interchangeably called geomatics, has traditionally been defined as the science, art and technology of determining the relative positions of point above, on, or beneath the earth's surface or of establishing such points (Wolf & Ghilani, 2002).

Surveyor traditionally and historically made their measurement using gorund-based method such as transit and tape. This is a surveyor primary instruments. The product such as computation sheet, analyses, and the report and maps they delivered to their client were prepared through manual process.

Todays, modern surveyors start to measuring and collecting using electronic instrumenatation, satellite surveying system and modern aerial imaging. The data process with high speed computer system.